Wood Planers – Types and Varieties

Wood Planers – Types

A wood planer is a hand tool for planing wood. A thing in carpentry (and indeed on the farm) is a necessary roughness that removes roughness from processed wood, creates rectilinear planers, reduces dimensions, creates relief (grooves, spikes, shaped skirting profiles, etc.).

The instrument has been used since antiquity, it was found the same planers in the ashes of Pompei and covered them with a volcano almost two thousand years ago. Of course, during this time, the planers have changed in many ways, their new modifications and variations are present these days in the market.

Now the planers, almost like any other hand tools, are divided into:

  • mechanical.
  • electric.


In turn, the mechanical are divided by the material from which the tool is made:

  • wooden.
  • metal.
  • plastic.

A plastic planer among all the other brethren is the easiest. Sometimes its body is classically made, that is, the shape resembles wooden or metal. On its sole are several blades. The fact is that they often carry out roughing and grinding work not only on wood but also on drywall.

In many wood planers, quick replacement of the cutting edges along with the sole is provided to adjust the size and cleanliness of the cut.

The metal wood planer is similar in principle to a wooden one, but there are several fundamental differences in the device. It consists of a metal case-pad, front and rear arms (made of wood or plastic), a clamp with a screw and a knife. In the sole, there is a tap hole, that is, a slot through which the knife blade goes.

The knife is fastened with a screw passing through the clamp. By loosening the clamping screw, you can increase or decrease the knife output, thus adjusting the chip thickness (fineness of work). Masters use an iron planer usually when it is a pity for wood, that is, for more rough or inconvenient work (for example, you need to plane the butt).

Wooden planers have so many varieties that you should pay special attention to them.

Wooden planers

Their varieties of mass, why? The fact is that plastic planers appeared quite recently. And the British had patented the first metal planer only in 1820.

And they were made of wood, and even as they were built, everywhere. And it was necessary not only to trim the log or plank the board. It was necessary for the finishing works to have boards with a figured profile, for the density of the joints, it was necessary to choose a quarter, cut out a thorn and a groove, etc.

So, because of the profile or flat type of planning, because of the size of the pads, this characteristic allows you to withstand a flat wood planer when working (the larger the better), because of the angle of the tool and the type of profile there are types of planers.